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Yi-Lan's Number of Students Attending After-school Tutoring Does Not Fall Behind Taipei
Academia Sinica’s Six-Year Research Shows that Yi-Lan’s Parents feel higher “relative deprivation” and Students with Better Academic Performance have higher Probability in taking After-school Tutoring

Li Cheng-Yu/Taipei

    A six-year longitudinal study conducted by Academia Sinica’s Institute of Sociology showed that the number of students attending after-school tutoring in Yi-Lan is close to students in Taipei. And, this high attendance of after school tutoring is attributed to Yi-Lan’s parents’ anxiety in the insufficient education resources compared to Taipei as one indirect factor.

    The Institute of Sociology in Academia Sinica launched the longitudinal Taiwan Youth Project (TYP) in 2000. In consideration of great diversity among students such as living contexts and social classes, TYP randomly selects students from Taipei City, Taipei County, and Yi-Lan County as samples and tracks the sampled group from their junior high till they finished high school education.

    According to the research, after-school tutoring is very prevalent in Taipei City such as Zhong Zheng, Da An, Zhong Shan, and Song Shan Districts where the residents hold better financial and social positions and the after-school tutoring attendance of the third-year junior high students is 70.32% while in Yi-Lan County the attendance rate is 71. 89% in the most urbanized Yi-Lan City and Luo-Dong City.

    Dr. Chang Ying-Hwa, director of TYP and research fellow in Academia Sinica, proposes that the high after-school tutoring rate in Yi-Lan may be attributed to the comprehensiveness of local after-school tutoring and the transportation advantages between most local schools and the downtown area as well. After-school tutoring is classified in the research into after-school classes and cram schooling. And, by the research, the rate of third-year junior high students in Yi-Lan City and Luo-Dong City attending after-school classes reaches 84% which is far more than any area in Taipei City and Taipei County.

    “This result is actually beyond what we had expected,” indicates Dr, Chang Ying-Hwa . Through qualitative interviews, the research fellows find that Yi-Lan’s parents are in general anxious about the insufficient education resources in the area – this “relative deprivation” that their children may not be able to compete with those living in more urbanized areas such as Taipei City therefore results in the high after school tutoring rate close to Taipei.

    In a long run, over 70% of high school students have had after-school tutoring during their three years at junior high. And there is a high probability for those students having more education resources and better academic performance to take after-school tutoring. According to the research, furthermore, in the seven prestigious high schools among highest test scores for the entrance examination the rate of the students taking after-school tutoring reaches 80%. Chang Ying-Hwa explains: “this implies that after-school tutoring is a reinforcing strategy , or even a mimic behavior only.”

    From an overview, yet the number of students attending after-school tutoring decreases from 64% during junior high 1st year to 51% during junior high 3rd year. Chang Ying-Hwa believes that this decline in the after- school tutoring attendance rate may be due to many junior high students’ gradual realization of their inability to advance to normal high school but to end up in vocational school which makes they lose the will to attend after-school tutoring.

    This project is conducted by multi-stage stratified clustering method and includes 2690 1st year junior high students into the sampled subjects. After six-year longitudinal study, about 65% of the original samples are retained.

By Li Cheng-Yu/ Taipei Nov. 25, 2007
Yi-Lan's Number of Students Attending After-school Tutoring Does Not Fall Behind Taipei
Academia Sinica’s Six-Year Research Shows that Yi-Lan’s Parents feel higher “relative deprivation” and Students with Better Academic Performance have higher Probability in taking After-school Tutoring
The United Daily News, A2 Focus