About

Taiwan Youth Project (TYP) is a longitudinal study on Taiwan’s youth led by the Family and Life Course Research Group of the Institute of Sociology in Academia Sinica. The project is ongoing and was first launched in 1999 and was followed by Phase I from 2000-2009 and Phase II from 2011-2018. The main goal of this project is to understand the diverse growth trajectory of Taiwan's youth from early adolescence to young adulthood. Family, school and community are three major social institutions affecting the developmental patterns of youth. Based on the family life course perspectives, TYP explores different growing-up experiences and identifies significant mechanisms accounting for the differences in gender, in social class as well as in rural-urban background. It also examines the interplay of the socialization process at home, school interaction with peers and teachers, and living experiences by geography. Other topics surveyed include effects of school tracking, labor force participation, leaving home, autonomy, friendship network and pre-marital intimate experiences. As samples age, early occupational and marriage experiences as well as intergenerational relations are studied in details. Most notably, TYP focuses on the Taiwanese indigenous development patterns and thus, emphasizes potential cultural influence of family values (such as filial piety) and family practice (such as co-residence experiences). In addition, persistent pressure from the entrance examination competition is delineated and is linked to family educational strategy as well as to school-to-work transition.

Youth samples were age 13 and 15 in 2000 (Phase I Wave 1) and became age 30 and 32 in 2017 (Phase II Wave 3). To be specific, TYP included middle school students as the study subjects and sampled students from 40 schools (162 classes) from Taipei City, Taipei County and Yi-Lan County, representing youth from metropolis, industrial magistrates and rural areas. There were more than 5000 sampled respondents included at the beginning. After series of follow-up surveys, the attrition rate was approximately 35% by the end of Phase I. It should be noted that in Phase I, home teachers and school principals at junior high schools were surveyed, and parents were interviewed at least once during junior high, senior high, and college years. In Phase II, when youth starts to enter the young adulthood, spousal surveys were implemented for married young adults following the main sample surveys in 2011, 2014 and 2018. In 2019, young elderly parents will be interviewed again so as to collect important information on intergenerational transmissions and interactions.

At the first, TYP research team was mainly composed of researchers at the Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica: Prof. Chang Ying-Hwa (principal investigator), Prof. Wu Chyi-In (co-principal investigator), Prof. Yi Chin-Chun, Prof. Fu Yang-Chih, Prof. Chang Chin-Fen, Prof. Lu Yu-Hsia, and Prof. Jou Yuh-Huey (Research Center of Humanities and Social Science, Academia Sinica). The team is also joined by Prof. Yueu-Sheng Hsieh (National Taiwan University) and Prof. Wu Ming-Yeh and Prof. Huang Lang-Wen (Soochow University). From 2004, after receiving the thematic research grant from Academia Sinica, the team gradually expands to include more researchers of different ranks and with various expertise (see details in the next section).